History of Religions, Japanese Religions
B.A., Miami University
M.A., Ohio State University
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago

Research and Teaching Interests:

As a historian of religion I have a broad range of interests and research topics: 1) the relation of religion and humor throughout the world, 2) the relation of religion and music, 3) the Noh theater and sacred space, and 4) the meaning and significance of  the Aum Shinrikyô affair.

Selected Publications:

Richard A. Gardner. “Aum Shinrikyô and a Panic About Manga and Anime.” In Japanese Visual Culture: Explorations in the World of Manga and Anime, edited by Mark W. MacWilliams, 200-18.  Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe, 2008.

Richard A. Gardner. “Reflections on Ritual in Noh and Kyogen.” In Teaching Ritual, edited by Catherine Bell, 208-20.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2007.

Richard A. Gardner. “Humor and Religion: An Overview.” In The Encyclopedia of Religion, 2nd ed., edited by Lindsay Jones, 6: 4194-4205. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005.